Special Issue “Monetary Plurality and Crisis” in the Journal of Risk and Financial Management (JRFM)   In addition to our commitment to the implementation of innovative currency ideas and the ongoing educational work on money and monetary reforms, it is above all the academic treatment of these two fields of activity that will ultimately pave […]

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  We talk a lot about the ‘money system’. In what sense does money form a ‘system’? Does it have a function or purpose? Does it have interconnections? Does it have identifiable elements? 1. Elements of a money system The elements of a money system include the structures and institutions that create it – governments, […]

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A constant in the history of money is that every remedy is reliably a source of new abuse. John Kenneth Galbraith, Money: whence it came, where it went For as long as money has existed in its two most popular forms – either as debt-based accounting systems or as notes and coins – it has […]

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